Cosmopolitanism and Influences from Abroad
In the late 19th century, the rise of major urban centers transformed America. Advances in industry led to the emergence of a prosperous, sophisticated upper-class society. This group provided great patronage for the arts, often demanding the latest styles by the most acclaimed artists. More and more American artists set out to satisfy these demands by traveling to Europe to study at established academies. In Rome, Paris, Berlin and Munich, they learned to produce works with the grace and skill that American collectors admired in European artists. Others were directly influenced by the French Impressionists, who had debuted on the Parisian art scene in the 1870s. Classical, Renaissance and other historical sources inspired the work of many artists.