Founding of Columbus
The land that became the city of Columbus was obtained through the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs, in which the Creeks relinquished claim to their remaining lands in Georgia. In December 1827, the Georgia legislature passed an act establishing the planned city of Columbus at the falls of the Chattahoochee. At the time the only American settlement in the area was around a tavern and Chattahoochee River ferry operated by the Kennard family. Five commissioners were chosen to select an appropriate 1,200-acre site for the town of Columbus: Ignatius Few, Elias Beall, Philip H. Alston, James Hallam, and E.L. deGraffenried.